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The Chemistry of Wine Ageing

The Chemistry of Wine Ageing

Have you ever wondered what happens during the wine process? Unlike electronic gadgets or human skin, ageing makes wine better. Well, the reasons are a bit complicated, but chemistry simplifies it.

Ordinary people see wine as a typical alcoholic beverage. But, for wine lovers, there’s a flavour, colour, age, and brand. These things contribute to the experience and memory of having a glass of wine.

How do you consume your favourite wine? Some people consume wines immediately, while others want to take a sip of it after long years.

The aim of the wine age process is to elevate the body of a bottle and flavour. That way, the natural ingredients are being enhanced. If done improperly and with a high UV exposure and oxidation, the wine’s colour, flavour, and body could change.

Before you open a bottle of wine, pour it to a glass, and take a big gulp, let’s discover everything about the chemistry of wine ageing.

For this blog post, we have teamed up with international wine storage experts, Dunavox GB, so let’s get this started!

Behind the Wine Ageing Process

Wine ageing is a group or reactions necessary for improving the wine’s taste and flavour over time.

Primary flavours are commonly found on freshly fermented wines. In a large proportion, there is a presence of fresh, fruity undertones. For some wine drinkers who prefer an immediate consumption, this exact taste is what they desired.

In the case of those who want to experience the wine history or keep a pricey number or preserve the wine, they aim for the coveted ageing process. The key purpose here is to experience the true composition’s capabilities.

You cannot enjoy the true body of wine by just its primary undertones. Fruity and maturity storage is behind the wine’s taste and height, complex and multifaceted body, and core ingredients. The secondary notes carry a more meaningful drinking experience as they advocate the wine’s maturity value.

The Flavour

Proper ageing and maturity result in a smoother and mellower wine with a richer mouthfeel. The wine’s original flavour will adapt over time. With proper storage, the ageing development process starts and then repress primary tones.

Fruity and bold notes are very common during the winery’s infancy stage. As time passes and the ageing process enables the secondary undertones to exhibit. This is the stage when the wine’s makeup transforms.

The wine’s flavour continues to modify depending on its active compounds and the stage you wish to consume it at. As long as you store it properly, the same amount of alcohol remains together with its intended dryness, bitterness, or sweetness.

The Body

The ageing process is also behind the changes in the wine’s body and depth. Its texture, body, and depth are usually stagnant through the infancy stage. brand-new, combined compounds.

Since the consumption experience is influenced by the wine’s body, ensure you know the texture you want to consume it. If you wish for a rounder and smoother finish, for instance, drink the bottle when the tannins are reduced.

The Colour

Have you noticed that the wine’s colour changes after you preserve it?

Through the organic process, reds naturally develop into brown undertones, while whites change into amber shades. As for the rose wines, they start to dull. However, the process is controlled by the oxidization rate.

Proper storage can reduce the risk of full oxidization and help in upholding natural colour over time. If unwanted air entered the bottle, however, the colours will rapidly adapt. It will also result in undesired changes to the body and flavour.

Wines with Optimal Ageing

Some people believe that only red wines can withstand the ageing benefits. The truth is that all types, ingredients, and colours can gain from maturity with proper storage.

Typically, average-priced wines are bought for immediate consumption. Once the secondary notes are promoted, your wine continues to develop more than a 3-5 years of time frame. As for the pricier wines, they are commonly preserved for a longer lifespan.

In some cases, wines are produced for long-term consumption, especially those bottles with bold tannins, as they can suppress and improve over time.

If you want to experience lighter tones, you can go for rose or whites because of their shorted preservation. Yet, if you want to experience maturity, you choose sparkling wines.

Wine Storage for Optimal Ageing

Time transforms the wine’s colour, flavour, and body. However, ineffective or incorrect storage can affect the true value of your favourite vino.

  • Below are some pointers for a positive wine maturity experience:
  • Always store a bottle of wine at 12˚C regardless of its colour or body
  • Store the wine in a dark and unexposed area to prevent UV light exposure
  • Store the wine at about a humidity of 55% to 80% to control the phases of organic development
  • Avoid any unnecessary vibration by placing the wine in heavy footfall areas
  • Avoid unpleasant or lingering smell by storing the wine in cooking and heavy footfall areas

Following the above tips ensures that you will experience the wine’s value and its ageing process.

Fruitful and Fruitless Ageing Process

In other cases, your wine can go off, oxidize, and be classified as non-consumable. Below are some techniques to know the wine’s lifespan and capability, and tell between the fruitful and fruitless ageing process:

  • Bring the wine to its optimal serving temperature. But, the result differs for all types of wine.
  • Determine if there are changes in texture or colour when you are ready to consume it.
  • Smell the wine to distinguish whether or not it is fit for consumption.
  • Taste the wine to know whether or not the intended body and colour has remained for a long time.

Wines come in many different brands, types, ingredients, colours, and ageing capabilities. Before you buy a specific bottle, ensure that you understand how the ageing process affects the wine’s true value. You also need to consider your ability to consume it. Besides, it’s good to note the proper storage is the key to achieve the desired colour, body, and flavour.

This article was provided to us by Elite Fridges


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